build


build
1. I
the house is building дом строится; I'd rather not build, If I can find a suitable house я предпочитаю не строиться, если можно найти подходящий дом
2. II
build in some manner build cheaply (firmly, elegantly, magnificently, etc.) строить дешево и т. д.; build at some time they decided to build simultaneously они решили строить(ся) одновременно
3. III
build smith.
1) build a house (a new block of flats, a cottage, a stable, a church, a ship, all kinds of vessels, a dam, etc.) строить дом и т. д.; build ploughs (rollers, machines, engines, vehicles, etc.) делать /производить/ плуги и т. д.; build edifices воздвигать огромные здания; build foundations закладывать фундамент; build a. road (a railway) строить /прокладывать, проводить/ (железную) дорогу; build a nest вить гнездо; build a fire раскладывать костер
2) build a coat (a suit of clothes, etc.) coll. сшить пальто и т. д.
3) build a business (a fortune, a reputation, a nation, etc.) создавать торговое дело или фирму и т. д..; build plans строить планы
4. XI
be built a new culture was built сложилась новая культура; be built in some manner I am built that way так уж я устроен, такой уж я есть; be built by smb., smth. these machines are built by a French company эти станки /машины/ производит французская компания /фирма/; be built for smth. this house was built for a school этот дом строился под школу; be built in /of/ smth. be built in brick (of wood, of steel, of granite, etc.) быть выстроенным или сделанным из кирпича и т. д; the walls were built of marble стены были сделаны из мрамора; be built into smth. be built into a wall (into a desk, into the floor, etc.) быть вделанным /встроенным/ в стену и т. д.; а small radio receiver was built into the lid в крышку был вмонтирован маленький радиоприемник; be built (up)on smth. be built on a hill (on a river-bank, on a new site, etc.) быть построенным на холме и т. д; the lawyer's defence was built on evidence речь защитника была построена на свидетельских показаниях; all that ground has now been built upon эта площадка уже вся застроена: his whole argument is built on these facts все его доказательство построено /основывается, базируется/ на этих фактах, в своих доказательствах он исходит из /отправляется от/ этих фактов; modern science has been built on the foundations of those who have gone before основы современной науки заложены предыдущими поколениями
5. XVI
1) build in (on) smth. build in the suburbs (in the country, on the river-bank, on the hill, in the forest, on the site of the house destroyed by fire, etc.) строить на окраине /застраивать окраины/ и т. д., you can't build on swampy ground на болотистой почве строить нельзя; build for smb., smth. build for foreign firms (for the town, for people, for society, for the government, for the Far North, for service in the Far East, etc.) строить для иностранных фирм и т. д.; build for a living работать /быть/ строителем
2) build (up)on smb., smth. build on this man (upon his promises, on that man's honesty, on his opinion, on the findings of others, etc.) рассчитывать /надеяться, полагаться/ на этого человека и т. д.
6. XVII
build (up)on smb.'s doing smth. build upon his finding the key (on their hearing her, etc.) рассчитывать /надеяться, полагаться/ на то, что он найдет ключ и т. д., I build on your coming я рассчитываю на ваш приход
7. XXI1
1) build smth. in (on, across, etc.) some place build a house on a hill (a road between these cities, a cottage across the river, a cabin in a forest, etc.) построить дом за холме и т. д.; they built a magnificent bridge across the river они соорудили великолепный мост через реку; build smth. for smb. build houses for people (sheds for cattle, etc.) строить дома для людей и т. д; build smth. after smth. build a cottage after his design (streets after a certain pattern, etc.) строить /построить/ коттедж /дачу/ по его проекту и т. д.; they now build their houses after the European model теперь они строят свои дома по европейскому образцу /на европейский манер/; build smth. in (with, of, etc.) smth. build a nest with twigs (a wall of stone, a fence of wood, a door of steel, a monument of granite, etc.) вить гнездо из прутиков и т. д., build houses in brick (in wood, etc.) строить дома из кирпича и т. д.
2) build smth. into smth. build a safe into a bookcase (beams into a wall, a cupboard into a wall, etc.) встраивать сейф в книжный шкаф и т. д.; they built a tablet into the tombstone в надгробную плиту [они] вмуровали табличку с надписью
3) build smth. to smth. build a new wing to a hotel (a museum to the town walls, etc.) пристраивать новое крыло к гостинице и т. д.
4) build smth. (up)on smth. build an argument on facts (a case (up)on circumstantial evidence, etc.) (поbuild) строить доводы /доказательства/ на фактах и т. д.; I wonder what he will build his defence on интересно, из чего он будет исходить в своей защите /что он положит в основу своей защиты/; build one's hopes (up)on a lucky chance (on smb.'s help, on smb.'s generosity, etc.) надеяться /возлагать надежды/ на счастливый случай и т. д.; don't build your hopes on his promises не надейся на его обещания; build one's plans (up)on smb.'s help строить планы в расчете на чью-л. помощь
8. XXII
build smth. (up)on smb.'s doing smth. build one's hopes (up)on his helping you (on his coming in time, on his being generous, on their taking part in the meeting, on it being appreciated, on his warning all of them, etc.) надеяться /возлагать надежды/ на его помощь и т. д.

English-Russian dictionary of verb phrases. 2013.

Смотреть что такое "build" в других словарях:

  • Build — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Build es un motor de juego para videojuegos de disparos en primera persona creado por Ken Silverman para 3D Realms. Al igual que en Doom, el motor Build representa su mundo en una malla bidimensional, utilizando… …   Wikipedia Español

  • build — [bɪld] verb built PTandPP [bɪlt] [transitive] 1. MANUFACTURING to make or put together large things such as buildings, cars, ships, roads etc: • New offices are being built on the site. • No new ships are being built at the yard now …   Financial and business terms

  • build — vb Build, construct, erect, frame, raise, rear are comparable when they mean to form or fashion a structure or something comparable to a structure. Build strictly implies a fitting together of parts and materials to form something which may be… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • build — build; build·able; build·er; build·er up·per; build·ing; build·ing·less; un·build; re·build; up·build·er; …   English syllables

  • build-up — build ups also buildup, build up 1) N COUNT: usu sing, oft N of n A build up is a gradual increase in something. There has been a build up of troops on both sides of the border... The disease can also cause a build up of pressure in the inner ear …   English dictionary

  • build — [bild] vt. built or Archaic builded, building [ME bilden < OE byldan, to build < base of bold, a house, akin to ON bua: see BONDAGE] 1. a) to make by putting together materials, parts, etc.; construct; erect b) to order, plan, or direct the …   English World dictionary

  • build-up — n [C usually singular] 1.) an increase over a period of time build up of ▪ a heavy build up of traffic on the motorway 2.) a description of someone or something before an event in which you say they are very special or important ▪ The presenter… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Build — (b[i^]ld), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Built} (b[i^]lt); p. pr. & vb. n. {Building}. The regular imp. & p. p. {Builded} is antiquated.] [OE. bulden, bilden, AS. byldan to build, fr. bold house; cf. Icel. b[=o]l farm, abode, Dan. bol small farm, OSw. bol …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • build — [n] physical structure, form body, conformation, constitution, figure, frame, habit, habitus, physique, shape; concept 757 Ant. mind build [v1] construct structure assemble, bring about, carpenter, cast, compile, compose, contrive, engineer,… …   New thesaurus

  • Build — Build, n. Form or mode of construction; general figure; make; as, the build of a ship; a great build on a man. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • build — ► VERB (past and past part. built) 1) construct by putting parts or materials together. 2) (often build up) increase in size or intensity over time. 3) (build on) use as a basis for further progress or development. 4) (build in/into) incorporate …   English terms dictionary

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